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GHS危害说明
爱为科研网 / 2009-05-18

 Compared to the current EU system the most noticeable change are the pictograms (formerly: hazard symbols). While the most of the GHS pictograms have an equivalent in the old system, the pictograms GHS 04, GHS 07 and GHS 08 are completely new.


The GHS System is built on 16 physical, 10 health and 3 environmental hazard classes and comprises the following communication elements:

 

9 Pictograms

Description

Pictogram

Hazard class and hazard category:

Exploding Bomb
GHS01

Unstable explosives
Explosives of Divisions 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4 
Self reactive substances and mixtures, Types A,B
Organic peroxides, Types A,B

Flame
GHS02

Flammable gases, category 1
Flammable aerosols, categories 1,2
Flammable liquids, categories 1,2,3
Flammable solids, categories 1,2
Self-reactive substances and mixtures, Types B,C,D,E,F 
Pyrophoric liquids, category 1 
Pyrophoric solids, category 1 
Self-heating substances and mixtures, categories 1,2
Substances and mixtures, which in contact with water, 
emit flammable gases, categories 1,2,3 
Organic peroxides, Types B,C,D,E,F

Flame Over Circle
GHS03

Oxidizing gases, category 1 
Oxidizing liquids, categories 1,2,3

Gas Cylinder
GHS04

Gases under pressure: 
- Compressed gases 
- Liquefied gases 
- Refrigerated liquefied gases 
- Dissolved gases

Corrosion
GHS05

Corrosive to metals, category 1
Skin corrosion, categories 1A,1B,1C
Serious eye damage, category 1

Skull and Crossbones
GHS06

Acute toxicity (oral, dermal, inhalation), categories 1,2,3

Exclamation Mark
GHS07

Acute toxicity (oral, dermal, inhalation), category 4 
Skin irritation, category 2 
Eye irritation, category 2 
Skin sensitisation, category 1 
Specific Target Organ Toxicity – Single exposure, category 3

Health Hazard
GHS08

Respiratory sensitization, category 1
Germ cell mutagenicity, categories 1A,1B,2 
Carcinogenicity, categories 1A,1B,2 
Reproductive toxicity, categories 1A,1B,2 
Specific Target Organ Toxicity – Single exposure, categories 1,2 
Specific Target Organ Toxicity – Repeated exposure, categories 1,2 
Aspiration Hazard, category 1

Environment
GHS09

Hazardous to the aquatic environment 
- Acute hazard, category1 
- Chronic hazard, categories 1,2

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